Posts Tagged ‘volcano’

that then brings us to 2012. Not simply the end of the Mayan Long Count ‘calendar’,
but also a central focus of number codes in dozens of ancient myths that actually span
the planet. the 2012 ‘end date’ seemingly puts the capstone on our pyramid of changes
noticeable in these remaining days prior to the Winter Solstice of December 21, 2012.

Noting that the word ‘solstice’ meaning to ‘stand still’ actually describes a specific

astronomic event which is a 3/three day time in which the sun appears to rise in exactly
the same spot on the horizon, it is curious indeed that the Long Count of the Mayan,
actually meso-american cultures, would end on that day. It is also curious that the pope
Gregory of Gregorian calendar fame, would have the long count actually end at 11:11
on that day. Also curious is that the numeral reference sums to 11 (12-21-2012 = 11).
These curiosities arise due to the encoding of knowledge into number patterns. As an
instance, the number 11 at its base level of symbolism refers to the ‘sun
spot cycle’ which is 11 (and some fractional part) years in length.

Coincidentally (curious, eh?) the pyramids at the Giza plateau are in the exact center
of the planetary landmasses. This begs the question of why? As a marker perhaps as to
the center of rotation of the planet under such circumstances as a free floating crust?
Bearing in mind that there is no ‘down’ in space, when the crust of the earth rotates, its
position and point of rotation will be determined by gravity as determined by what
object in space is closest to the ‘center of mass’ of the earth, conveniently marked by
the Giza pyramids. The two candidates that we have to specifically affect our rotation
are the moon, and the sun. Though smaller, the moon is closest, and if it may be
a primary determinate for how these periodic crustal spins resolve themselves.

ThePowersThatBe both know about it, and are constantly telling you about it. If you
are American, pull out the 1/One dollar bill. This note from the private elitist organization
known as the federal reserve bank which is not part of your federal government, has no
reserves, and is not a bank, but *is* hugely tied to all kinds of secret societies, tells you every
time you handle its 1/one dollar note, that they know what is coming. Look to the back of the
bill, look under the pyramid with the strange symbol of the floating eye above it. There
you will see the words ‘novus ordo seclorum’, which actually translates as ‘new order
of the ages’. Note that it is wrong to think this means ‘new world order’, rather the
word ‘ages’ means ‘astrologic or zodiac ages’. And the pole and crustal shift is intimitely
involved with a new ordering of the zodiac ages. Such symbols about what
ThePowersThatBe actually do know are everywhere, and are a fascinating study in and
of themselves, but we simply don’t have the luxury of time for that any more.


An opening in a lava tube shows molten rock flowing from Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano in 1991.

Brian Handwerk

for National Geographic News

Published September 23, 2010

A layer of searing hot liquid magma trapped since Earth’s formation may lie 1,800 miles (2,900 kilometers) beneath our feet, new research suggests.

The finding backs up theories that Earth’s solid lower mantle once housed a magma “ocean,” and that some remnant of that molten material still exists today, like jam between two cake layers.

“Some models consider the [early] Earth to have been completely or largely molten, and people are looking for possible remnants or relics of this molten state,” said study co-author Guillaume Fiquet of the Institut de Minéralogie et de Physique des Milieux Condensés at France’s Université Pierre et Marie Curie.

“Those models [suggest] that, as time passed and Earth solidified, some molten rock could have been trapped at the bottom of the mantle-core boundary.”

(Related: “Infant, Magma-Ball Earth Glimpsed Via Newfound Rocks.”)

In a new experiment, Fiquet and colleagues showed what would happen to minerals found in Earth’s mantle if exposed to the unimaginable heat and pressure that exist at this boundary region.

Their findings not only affect theories for how Earth’s insides are structured but also imply that some volcanoes might be spewing lava from magma plumes that brush against Earth’s core.

Diamonds Help Re-create Deep Earth Conditions

Based on the rate at which seismic waves travel through Earth, scientists think our planet’s core is made of a solid iron ball surrounded by a liquid iron shell. Above the core lie the solid lower mantle, upper mantle, and crust. (Get an overview of Earth’s layers).

This liquid layer around the core meets Earth’s lower mantle about 1,800 miles (2,900 kilometers) below the surface. Temperatures at the core-mantle boundary hover around 4,000 Kelvin (6,740 degrees F, or 3,727 degrees C), and the pressure is nearly 140 gigapascals—1.4 million times greater than standard air pressure at sea level.

Without a way to take direct samples from deep inside Earth, no one knows for sure if the mantle’s boundary rocks are solid or liquid. (Also see: “‘First Contact With Inner Earth’: Drillers Strike Magma.”)

But scientists have long recorded dramatic drops in the speeds of seismic waves near the core-mantle boundary, leading some experts to speculate that this region is partially melted.

To simulate the extreme subterranean environment, Fiquet and colleagues put samples of typical mantle materials—magnesium oxides, iron, and silicon—into diamond anvil cells, small chambers in which microscopic samples get crushed between two diamonds.

The intense crushing heated the samples to temperatures greater than 5,000 Kelvin (8,540 degrees F, or 4,726 degrees C) and raised the pressure to 140 gigapascals. Using a technique called x-ray diffraction, the scientists then shone light on the minerals’ atomic structures and saw when the material started to change from a solid to a liquid.

Mantle minerals started to melt at 4,200 Kelvin (7,100 degrees F, or 3,926 degrees C)—just about the temperature of the core-mantle boundary.

“Hot Spot” Volcanoes Fed by Ultradeep Magma?

Fiquet cautions against using the term “magma ocean” to describe the potentially melted layer deep inside Earth: “The basic thing to remember is that the mantle is solid rock, but it might also be partially molten at the base.”

Still, the molten rock created during the experiment might hold chemical markers that could help researchers understand how Earth’s molten material cooled and separated into layers over time, the study authors say.

The finding may also have ramifications for studies of volcanoes. Many volcanoes, such as those in the Pacific Ring of Fire, exist where tectonic plates meet, and the volcanoes are filled with magma generated by melting of the upper mantle.

But so-called hot spot volcanoes, such as Hawaii’s, are thought to be fed by plumes of hot rock rising from deeper within Earth. (See “Under Yellowstone, Magma Pocket 20 Percent Larger Than Thought.”)

“I think the plumes could have their sources in very hot regions at the core-mantle boundary that might be partially molten,” Fiquet said.

“But to make a strong link with the plumes and their associated volcanism, we’ll next have to … test all the individual components that are likely to be buried down at that core-mantle boundary.”

It may look like the special effects from a disaster movie, but the bolts of lightning photographed in the plume of the ash-spewing Icelandic volcano are real. Thing is, the process that creates volcano lightning remains a bit of a mystery.

Several photographers have taken pictures of the stunning light show shooting from the angry mouth of Eyjafjallajokull, which has been pumping a cloud of ash into the atmosphere for several days. In addition to the spectacular electric storm in its plume, the volcano has created colorful sunsets around the world with its ash, which has also hampered air travel over Europe.

Scientists have long known the plumes that shoot from the mouths of erupting volcanoes can produce sheaths of lightning. While lightning is typically associated with thunderstorms, hurricanes and other severe weather, the roiling debris clouds of volcanoes can also produce them.

The lighting in volcanic plumes is connected to the rotation that these plumes undergo, something like a tornado. As a plume rotates, it can spawn waterspouts or dust devils, which gather together the electric charges in the plume to form a sheath of lightning.

Scientists don’t know exactly how lightning is created in an ash cloud, however. But they expect it’s a result of particles rubbing together, generating friction and electrical charges.

The volcano lightning may be generated in a similar way to that in normal thunderstorms in a process scientists have dubbed “dirty thunderstorms.” In a normal thunderstorm, ice particles rub together to generate an electrical charge; in the case of a volcano, rock fragments, ash and ice may all rub together to produce this charge.

When particles become charged during an eruption isn’t known though, and scientists are just beginning to get a good look inside the plumes that generate the lightning — an unfriendly environment to be sure.

One such opportunity came with the eruption of Alaska’s Mount Redoubt almost exactly a year ago. Redoubt’s eruption also produced a lightning display that scientists were able to “see” through the dust and gas of the eruption with an array of sensors deployed at the volcano.

Several photographers were on hand to snap images of Eyjafjallajokull. Olivier Vandeginste was just outside the Iceland town of Hvolsvollur during some of the eruption and spent several hours photographing the spectacular lightning show.

“Truly a wonderful experience to see the lightning crawl around the lava eruption. A pity we couldn’t get any closer,” Vandeginste, who is still happily stuck in Iceland due to cancelled flights, told LiveScience.

Just how long Eyjafjallajokull will continue to belch ash into the air isn’t known, though the volcano seems to have quieted down in the last few days. Icelandic geologists are keeping an eye on it and the island nation’s many other volcanoes, including a neighbor of Eyjafjallajokull that has a history of copycat eruptions.

like a scene from an apocalyptic movie, the Ice land Volcano’s rage grows.

Rumbling continues
The volcano that prompted the turmoil continued to rumble. Tremors, which geologists believe to be caused by magma rising through the crust, can be heard and felt as far as 15 miles from the crater. “It’s like a shaking in the belly. People in the area are disturbed by this,” said Kristin Vogfjord, geologist at the Icelandic Met Office.

Scientists were worried that the eruption could trigger an even larger eruption at the nearby Katla volcano, which sits on the massive Myrdalsjokull icecap and has erupted every 80 or so years. Its last major eruption was in 1918..

i think we can all bet on knowing this is not the end, i think there is some more in store

as an volcano thats laid dormant for more the 200 years rips huge ice caps into smell pieces ..the sun gets blacked out and air travel to a halt , one can not help but wonder what is the fate of this  plant, why are there so many Earthquakes in the strangest places, yellow stone has been hit with up to as many as 300 small quakes in one day..

we have seen strange blue lights coming from the shy…we saw what was told to be a huge meteor light up the nights shy, do we believe what we are told? are we to simply be sheep to the worlds herd?

how can our eyes be so closed to what is right in front of us?…as for the things we can not see, that does not mean there are not there, can we see air? yet we all breathe, can we see god? yet more of us believe…

there many things that our eyes can not focus upon, yet they are very real and very much a threat to us all…

Magnitude 4.9 – UTAH

2010 April 15 23:59:39 UTC