Ultraviolet light reveals how ancient Greek statues really looked

pretty cool site here

Rainbow AND a lightning bolt?

Days of historic heat in southern California came to a spectacular end on Wednesday with thunderstorms, lightening and huge rainbow.

Rain fell steadily in downtown Los Angeles yesterday afternoon as dramatic storm clouds formed over the region, only two days after the highest ever temperatures were recorded.

At the start of the week thermometers hit an astonishing 113F (45C) – beating the previous record set 20 years ago.

Spectacular: A rainbow and bolts of lightening were seen over the Hollywood sign as days of historic heat in Southern California came to an end….


Here we go folks this could be what we never wanted to see, not a happy moment…

New Earth-like planet discovered

Gliese 581g in ‘Goldilocks zone’ of space where liquid water could exist is strong contender for a habitable world

Astronomers have discovered a potentially habitable planet of similar size to Earth in orbit around a nearby star.

A team of planet hunters spotted the alien world circling a red dwarf star called Gliese 581, 20 light years away.

The planet is in the “Goldilocks zone” of space around a star where surface temperatures are neither too hot nor too cold for liquid water to form.

“Our findings offer a very compelling case for a potentially habitable planet,” said Steven Vogt, an astronomer at the University of California, Santa Cruz. “The fact that we were able to detect this planet so quickly and so nearby tells us that planets like this must be really common.”

If confirmed, the planet would be the most Earth-like that has ever been discovered in another solar system and the first strong contender for a habitable one.

More than 400 exoplanets have been discovered by astronomers, but most are gas giants, like Jupiter, that would be inhospitable to life as we know it.

Astronomers used the Keck telescope in Hawaii to study the movement of Gliese 581 in exquisite detail and from their observations inferred the presence of a number of orbiting planets. The team report two new planets in the Astrophysical Journal, bringing the total number known to be circling the star to six.

One of the planets, named Gliese 581g, has a mass of three to four times that of Earth and takes 37 days to orbit the star. Astronomers believe it is a rocky planet with enough gravity to retain an atmosphere.

Unlike the previously discovered planets, Gliese 581g lies squarely in the region of space were life can thrive. “We had planets on both sides of the habitable zone — one too hot and one too cold — and now we have one in the middle that’s just right,” Vogt said.

One side of the planet is always facing the star, much as one side of the moon constantly faces Earth. This means that the far side of the planet is constantly in darkness. The most habitable region of the planet would be the line between the light and dark regions.

“Any emerging life forms would have a wide range of stable climates to choose from and to evolve around, depending on their longitude,” Vogt said.

The average temperature on the planet is estimated to be between -31 to -12C, but the ground temperature would vary from blazing hot on the bright side and freezing on the dark side.

“The number of systems with potentially habitable planets is probably on the order of 10 or 20 percent, and when you multiply that by the hundreds of billions of stars in the Milky Way, that’s a large number. There could be tens of billions of these systems in our galaxy,” said Vogt.

that then brings us to 2012. Not simply the end of the Mayan Long Count ‘calendar’,
but also a central focus of number codes in dozens of ancient myths that actually span
the planet. the 2012 ‘end date’ seemingly puts the capstone on our pyramid of changes
noticeable in these remaining days prior to the Winter Solstice of December 21, 2012.

Noting that the word ‘solstice’ meaning to ‘stand still’ actually describes a specific

astronomic event which is a 3/three day time in which the sun appears to rise in exactly
the same spot on the horizon, it is curious indeed that the Long Count of the Mayan,
actually meso-american cultures, would end on that day. It is also curious that the pope
Gregory of Gregorian calendar fame, would have the long count actually end at 11:11
on that day. Also curious is that the numeral reference sums to 11 (12-21-2012 = 11).
These curiosities arise due to the encoding of knowledge into number patterns. As an
instance, the number 11 at its base level of symbolism refers to the ‘sun
spot cycle’ which is 11 (and some fractional part) years in length.

Coincidentally (curious, eh?) the pyramids at the Giza plateau are in the exact center
of the planetary landmasses. This begs the question of why? As a marker perhaps as to
the center of rotation of the planet under such circumstances as a free floating crust?
Bearing in mind that there is no ‘down’ in space, when the crust of the earth rotates, its
position and point of rotation will be determined by gravity as determined by what
object in space is closest to the ‘center of mass’ of the earth, conveniently marked by
the Giza pyramids. The two candidates that we have to specifically affect our rotation
are the moon, and the sun. Though smaller, the moon is closest, and if it may be
a primary determinate for how these periodic crustal spins resolve themselves.

ThePowersThatBe both know about it, and are constantly telling you about it. If you
are American, pull out the 1/One dollar bill. This note from the private elitist organization
known as the federal reserve bank which is not part of your federal government, has no
reserves, and is not a bank, but *is* hugely tied to all kinds of secret societies, tells you every
time you handle its 1/one dollar note, that they know what is coming. Look to the back of the
bill, look under the pyramid with the strange symbol of the floating eye above it. There
you will see the words ‘novus ordo seclorum’, which actually translates as ‘new order
of the ages’. Note that it is wrong to think this means ‘new world order’, rather the
word ‘ages’ means ‘astrologic or zodiac ages’. And the pole and crustal shift is intimitely
involved with a new ordering of the zodiac ages. Such symbols about what
ThePowersThatBe actually do know are everywhere, and are a fascinating study in and
of themselves, but we simply don’t have the luxury of time for that any more.

i hope that i am not the only person who can i see that clearly Earthquakes are popping up in places they should defiantly should not be, see for your self’s

An opening in a lava tube shows molten rock flowing from Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano in 1991.

Brian Handwerk

for National Geographic News

Published September 23, 2010

A layer of searing hot liquid magma trapped since Earth’s formation may lie 1,800 miles (2,900 kilometers) beneath our feet, new research suggests.

The finding backs up theories that Earth’s solid lower mantle once housed a magma “ocean,” and that some remnant of that molten material still exists today, like jam between two cake layers.

“Some models consider the [early] Earth to have been completely or largely molten, and people are looking for possible remnants or relics of this molten state,” said study co-author Guillaume Fiquet of the Institut de Minéralogie et de Physique des Milieux Condensés at France’s Université Pierre et Marie Curie.

“Those models [suggest] that, as time passed and Earth solidified, some molten rock could have been trapped at the bottom of the mantle-core boundary.”

(Related: “Infant, Magma-Ball Earth Glimpsed Via Newfound Rocks.”)

In a new experiment, Fiquet and colleagues showed what would happen to minerals found in Earth’s mantle if exposed to the unimaginable heat and pressure that exist at this boundary region.

Their findings not only affect theories for how Earth’s insides are structured but also imply that some volcanoes might be spewing lava from magma plumes that brush against Earth’s core.

Diamonds Help Re-create Deep Earth Conditions

Based on the rate at which seismic waves travel through Earth, scientists think our planet’s core is made of a solid iron ball surrounded by a liquid iron shell. Above the core lie the solid lower mantle, upper mantle, and crust. (Get an overview of Earth’s layers).

This liquid layer around the core meets Earth’s lower mantle about 1,800 miles (2,900 kilometers) below the surface. Temperatures at the core-mantle boundary hover around 4,000 Kelvin (6,740 degrees F, or 3,727 degrees C), and the pressure is nearly 140 gigapascals—1.4 million times greater than standard air pressure at sea level.

Without a way to take direct samples from deep inside Earth, no one knows for sure if the mantle’s boundary rocks are solid or liquid. (Also see: “‘First Contact With Inner Earth’: Drillers Strike Magma.”)

But scientists have long recorded dramatic drops in the speeds of seismic waves near the core-mantle boundary, leading some experts to speculate that this region is partially melted.

To simulate the extreme subterranean environment, Fiquet and colleagues put samples of typical mantle materials—magnesium oxides, iron, and silicon—into diamond anvil cells, small chambers in which microscopic samples get crushed between two diamonds.

The intense crushing heated the samples to temperatures greater than 5,000 Kelvin (8,540 degrees F, or 4,726 degrees C) and raised the pressure to 140 gigapascals. Using a technique called x-ray diffraction, the scientists then shone light on the minerals’ atomic structures and saw when the material started to change from a solid to a liquid.

Mantle minerals started to melt at 4,200 Kelvin (7,100 degrees F, or 3,926 degrees C)—just about the temperature of the core-mantle boundary.

“Hot Spot” Volcanoes Fed by Ultradeep Magma?

Fiquet cautions against using the term “magma ocean” to describe the potentially melted layer deep inside Earth: “The basic thing to remember is that the mantle is solid rock, but it might also be partially molten at the base.”

Still, the molten rock created during the experiment might hold chemical markers that could help researchers understand how Earth’s molten material cooled and separated into layers over time, the study authors say.

The finding may also have ramifications for studies of volcanoes. Many volcanoes, such as those in the Pacific Ring of Fire, exist where tectonic plates meet, and the volcanoes are filled with magma generated by melting of the upper mantle.

But so-called hot spot volcanoes, such as Hawaii’s, are thought to be fed by plumes of hot rock rising from deeper within Earth. (See “Under Yellowstone, Magma Pocket 20 Percent Larger Than Thought.”)

“I think the plumes could have their sources in very hot regions at the core-mantle boundary that might be partially molten,” Fiquet said.

“But to make a strong link with the plumes and their associated volcanism, we’ll next have to … test all the individual components that are likely to be buried down at that core-mantle boundary.”

Hello fans i am very sorry it has been a while since my last up-date it seems the toll of every day has been taking me over..

anyhow lets get to the new shell we?

In response to the UFO sightings over Hong Kong, Wang Sichao, a planetary astronomer from the Purple Hills Observatory under the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS), confirmed after one week of analysis that the UFO sightings were “ghost images” as a result of the reflection on camera lenses from the intense light emitted by outdoor circular lamps. The outdoor circular lamps are symmetrical to the video image center.

According to Radio Television Hong Kong, within one hour after midnight on Sept. 9, the Hong Kong Observatory received several reports about UFO sightings at the Tai Lam Tunnel, Wan Chai, Happy Valley and other areas amid thunderstorms. The videos and pictures taken by witnesses show that the UFOs are plate-shaped, and several luminous circles formed a large circle. They were constantly moving amid flashes of lightning.

“UFOs have been frequently sighted in Hong Kong recently. On Sept. 9 alone, UFOs were spotted five times. Two witnesses shot a unique flying saucer-shaped UFO capable of moving and a UFO with some lamps arranged in a circular pattern,” said Wang.

Previously, Hu Hongjun, director of the Science Department under the Hong Kong Observatory, gave a common explanation of the UFOs. He said that the light spots are a result the reflection of planets, stars, man-made satellites, shooting stars, luminous kites, Kongming Lanterns or reflector lamps onto clouds. Wang, however, takes a contrary view.

“I have analyzed and researched the UFOs, which are a result of ‘ghost images’ from the reflection of the intense light emitted by outdoor circular lamps on camera lens,” said Wang, “The closer the outdoor circular lamps are to the video image center, the brighter the ‘ghost images’ will be. A bright circular lamp array can be found where the flying saucer-shaped UFO is symmetrical to the video image center, and below the circular lamp array is the lamp post. The ghost images are much darker than the original light source.”

Doomsday warnings of US apocalypse gain ground

By Hugues Honore (AFP) – 6 days ago

WASHINGTON — Economists peddling dire warnings that the world’s number one economy is on the brink of collapse, amid high rates of unemployment and a spiraling public deficit, are flourishing here.

The guru of this doomsday line of thinking may be economist Nouriel Roubini, thrust into the forefront after predicting the chaos wrought by the subprime mortgage crisis and the collapse of the housing bubble.

“The US has run out of bullets,” Roubini told an economic forum in Italy earlier this month. “Any shock at this point can tip you back into recession.”

But other economists, who have so far stayed out of the media limelight, are also proselytizing nightmarish visions of the future.

Boston University professor Laurence Kotlikoff, who warned as far back as the 1980s of the dangers of a public deficit, lent credence to such dark predictions in an International Monetary Fund publication last week.

He unveiled a doomsday scenario — which many dismiss as pure fantasy — of an economic clash between superpowers the United States and China, which holds more than 843 billion dollars of US Treasury bonds.

“A minor trade dispute between the United States and China could make some people think that other people are going to sell US treasury bonds,” he wrote in the IMF’s Finance & Development review.

“That belief, coupled with major concern about inflation, could lead to a sell-off of government bonds that causes the public to withdraw their bank deposits and buy durable goods.”

Kotlikoff warned such a move would spark a run on banks and money market funds as well as insurance companies as policy holders cash in their surrender values.

“In a short period of time, the Federal Reserve would have to print trillions of dollars to cover its explicit and implicit guarantees. All that new money could produce strong inflation, perhaps hyperinflation,” he said.

“There are other less apocalyptic, perhaps more plausible, but still quite unpleasant, scenarios that could result from multiple equilibria.”

According to a poll by the StrategyOne Institute published Friday, some 65 percent of Americans believe there will be a new recession.

And the view that America is on a decline seems rather well ingrained in many people’s minds supported by 65 percent of people questioned in a Wall Street Journal/NBC poll published last week.

“It is true: Today’s economic problems are structural, not cyclical,” argued New York Times editorial writer David Brooks.

He said the United Sates is losing its world dominance much in the same way the British Empire began to crumble more than a century ago.

“We are in the middle of yet another jobless recovery. Wages have been lagging for decades. Our labor market woes are deep and intractable,” Brooks said.

Nobel Economics Prize winner Paul Krugman also voiced concern about the fate of the fragile economic recovery if voters return the Republicans to political power.

“It’s hard to overstate how destructive the economic ideas offered earlier this week by John Boehner, the House minority leader, would be if put into practice,” he wrote in a recent editorial.

“Fewer jobs and bigger deficits — the perfect combination.”

The Wall Street Journal, usually more favorable to Boehner’s call for tax cuts, ran a commentary from another Nobel Prize-winning economist — Vernon Smith — that failed to provide much comfort for readers.

“This fact needs to be confronted: We are almost surely in for a long slog,” Smith wrote.

And it seems such pessimism has even filtered into the IMF, which warned on Friday that high levels of national debt and a still shaky financial sector threaten to derail the global economic recovery.

“The foreclosure backlog in US property markets is large and growing, in part due to the recent expiration of the home buyer’s tax credit. When realized, this could further depress real estate prices.”

This could lead to “disproportionate losses” for small and medium-sized banks, which could in turn “precipitate a loss of market confidence in the recovery,” the IMF warned.

Atlantic Ocean Tsunamis: Rare but Possible link here